Personal Income Tax

RECENT NEWS
Forbes  Jun 8  Comment 
Although not required to by law, since 1976 every major party candidate for president has disclosed their personal income tax return information. Presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has said he will release his tax returns...
Forbes  Apr 5  Comment 
Which of these things is not like the others: Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, Ted Cruz, and John Kasich? If you guessed Clinton, you’re right. She’s the only presidential candidate to actually release complete copies of her...
The Hindu Business Line  Feb 29  Comment 
Following are the highlights of Union Budget 2016—17 presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in Parliament today: *No change in personal Income Tax slabs *4-month Compliance Window for domestic b...
The Hindu Business Line  Feb 15  Comment 
Assocham has asked the government to increase the personal income tax exemption limit to₹4 lakh from ₹2.5 lakh for all individual taxpayers in the upcoming Budget. The industry body also demanded ad...
WA Business News  Nov 17  Comment 
Chevron claimed Gorgon would pay for tax cuts US energy giant Chevron claimed in 2005 filings that its Gorgon LNG project would pay so much tax that the government could cut personal income tax rates for all Australians. The Fin
Forbes  Nov 2  Comment 
It’s been nearly a decade since Arizona lowered its personal state income taxes, and now the Grand Canyon State sits poised to become the tenth state in the union to eliminate personal income tax all together. With members of the House and...
The Australian  Sep 23  Comment 
Focus of the tax reform debate likely to shift towards flattening the rates, broadening base of personal income tax.
WA Business News  Aug 25  Comment 
Treasurer Joe Hockey insists that an improving budget position provides scope to deliver his commitment to personal income tax cuts.
WA Business News  Aug 24  Comment 
Treasurer Joe Hockey believes he can return the budget to surplus while providing personal income tax cuts.
The Australian  Jun 4  Comment 
The Abbott government faces business calls to tie personal ­income tax brackets to inflation to curb bracket creep.




 
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Federal Income Tax refers to the tax levied by a government on the income earned by individuals, corporations and other legal entities under its jurisdiction. This article deals with Federal taxes on indivduals. For an overview of other types of income taxes see the income tax article. In the United States the U.S. government taxes individuals who make over

Taxable income refers to the portion of your total income on which taxes need to be paid to the government. Various adjustments and deductions, including the standard deduction and personal exemptions, all lower your taxable income. cash loans


As mentioned above the government taxes income from a variety of sources.

Types of Income Taxes

Personal Income Tax

The government taxes individuals based on their total income for the year. Sources of taxable income include wages, dividends from stocks, gains from the sale of stock held for one year or less and unearned income (gifts over a certain amount). One can file his or her taxes individually or as part of a couple (if married). The filer adds up all of his sources of income and deducts any relevant deductions.

Deductions, Above and Below the Line, AGI and other cool stuff

The amount of income that a person makes is rarely the same as his or her taxable income (the actual amount that he or she is taxed on). Instead, the filer starts by calculating his or her gross adjusted income. This is his or her income after certain items known as above the line deductions are are subtracted. Some common above the line deductions include, include higher education expenses, losses on the sale of property and moving expenses.

Subtracting above the line expenses from Gross Income gives the filer his or her gross adjusted income. He or she now has the option of taking a standard deduction or itemizing his or her deductions. The resulting number is the filer's taxable income.

Example

Joe the Plumber has a salary of $100,000 per year.  He has no other sources of income, so his gross income for 2007 is $100,000. 

Joe, however, paid $5,000 in student loan interest during the year in addition to $15,000 in alimony for a total of 80,000 in above the line deductions.

Joe's adjusted gross income is $80,000.

Joe now has the option of subtracting the standard deduction from his AGI or itemizing his deductions. The standard for a single filer was 5,350 in 2007. [1] On the other hand, in 2007 Joe Donated 8,000 to charity in 2007, and paid 7,000 in state income taxes.

In this case his itemized deductions add up to 15,000, far more than the standard deduction, so Joe will choose to itemize.

After taking all of his deductions, Joe is left with 65,000 in taxable income.

Tax Brackets: The more you make, the more it hurts

The United States uses a progressive tax system. Under this system a person's income is divided into brackets. As a person earns more, he or she pays a proportionately greater percentage of his or her income in taxes. For instance, Joe has taxable income of 65,000. He will be taxed 10% on the first $8025, 15% on the next $25,000 and 25% on the next $32,000 or an average tax rate of 19%. Someone who made 50,000 would pay an average tax rate of 15%.

Click here to 'See 2008/2009 marginal tax rates below

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