Quantitative Easing

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SeekingAlpha  6 hrs ago  Comment 
By Shock Exchange: The September 17th FOMC meeting was one of the most watched of the year. After a dismal July jobs report I expected Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen to stay the course on interest rates and continue to unwind quantitative easing....
SeekingAlpha  Oct 4  Comment 
By George Acs: This week's markets didn't respond so positively when Mario Draghi, the head of the European Central Bank failed to deliver on what many had been expecting for quite some time. The financial markets wanted to hear Draghi follow...
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Market Intelligence Center  Oct 2  Comment 
The US dollar is growing stronger this year, and that has about half of the economic world in fits. Why? It isn't so much a result of what was said (that the dollar would lose value as a result of quantitative easing) but of the figurative and/or...
SeekingAlpha  Oct 2  Comment 
By Bret Jensen: Last week I penned an article entitled "Yes Virginia, The Market Can Go Down - Part I" noting that my previous thesis that the 2,000 level the S&P 500 hit in late August would prove to be a tough resistance point for the market to...
Times Online  Oct 2  Comment 
The European Central Bank will launch a version of quantitative easing this month in an attempt to defeat the twin...
SeekingAlpha  Sep 30  Comment 
By Ted Waller: The Great Debate One of the great debates revived by quantitative easing in 2008 was whether or not increasing the money supply would cause inflation. Today, almost six years later, it looks like the debate is over. Or is it?...
SeekingAlpha  Sep 25  Comment 
By Scott Minerd: Alan Greenspan once said, "I know you think you understand what you thought I said but I'm not sure you realize that what you heard is not what I meant." Unlike Greenspan, current Fed Chair Janet Yellen wants to be understood, and...
New York Times  Sep 22  Comment 
The European Central Bank president’s remarks at a news conference gave rise to speculation that quantitative easing may be in store.
The Hindu Business Line  Sep 20  Comment 
The upward movement in dollar and end of the quantitative easing are negative for gold




 
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Quantitative easing is a monetary policy tool in which a central bank—like the Federal Reserve—floods the market with cash in an attempt to stimulate an economy in recession and to stave off deflation. The idea is that if the central bank floods enough cash into the market, it will set off the following chain of events:

  1. Banks and other financial institutions will build up larger and larger cash reserves
  2. Banks will finally decide to loosen their lending standards to utilize their excess cash
  3. Individuals and companies will start getting the loans they are seeking
  4. The economy will begin to recover as people and companies begin to spend again.Understanding Quantitative Easing

Quantitative easing involves flooding the market with cash. The question is...how does a central bank—like the Federal Reserve—flood the market with cash?

Quantitative easing requires the central bank to take the following three steps:

  1. Cut the short-term interest rate to zero percent
  2. Announce how long it will leave the short-term interest rate at zero percent
  3. Begin buying long-term securities—like Treasuries, corporate bonds and asset-backed securities


Why Would the Federal Reserve Resort to Quantitative Easing?

It seems that during good economic times, all we hear about is how concerned the Federal Reserve is with inflation. We can't let the economy grow too fast....We can't let the monetary base get too big....We can't just print money—the Fed says.

But during bad economic times, all of that seems to change. And during really bad economic times, we even start to hear about quantitative easing. But what does quantitative easing do for the economy?Benefits of Quantitative Easing

Quantitative easing can help consumers, exporters and financial institutions find their way out of a recession and offers some of the following benefits.

  1. Quantitative easing can lower longer-term interest rates by pushing down yields at the far end of the yield curve.
  2. Quantitative easing can lower deflationary expectations by promising to keep interest rates low for an extended period of time.
  3. Quantitative easing can stimulate exports by increasing the monetary base.


Connecting Quantitative Easing to Government Spending (fiscal budgetary security tools)

Although monetary and fiscal models are normally viewed separately, QE as a monetary tool is so similar to deficit spending that the two lend themselves to a common view based on their immediate purpose: each is concerned with national and global security--to prevent chaos in trade and tragedy among nationals working in their own country.

QE and DS create necessary demand to protect people and nations from economic crises that may bring casualties in very large number and very short order. Both can create demand without limit -- except for the purchasing power of money after they become effective.

Each can be partially controlled by ending them. When either has done more harm than good their common remedy is taxation to prevent hoarding and policing to prevent tax evasion.

Accordingly, QE and DS require intense monitoring while in progress -- preferably by extremely sophisticated data analysts with tools akin to those of a national security agency with the highest priority on effectiveness not their cost.

References

Video: Understanding Quantitative Easing. Learning Markets. Retrieved on 2009-01-24.

Speech: Chairman Ben S. Bernanke. The Federal Reserve Board (1/13/2009). Retrieved on 2009-01-24.

Quantitative Monetary Easing and Risk in Financial Asset Markets. The Federal Reserve Board (9/282004). Retrieved on 2009-01-24. Bold text

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