Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Reuters  Jan 21  Comment 
India's stock exchanges are considering trading on Feb. 28, the budget day, which falls on a Saturday.
Mondo Visione  Jan 21  Comment 
Ancoa, providers of contextual surveillance and insightful analytics for exchanges, regulators, buy & sell-side firms, today announced that it has successfully integrated its real-time market surveillance capabilities with the Zagreb Stock...
The Straits Times  Jan 18  Comment 
January 19, 2015 1:31 AM HONG KONG - The Hong Kong stock exchange has proposed a closing auction and other trading controls to help bring its outdated market structure in line with major exchanges elsewhere and restore the city's lustre as an...
The Economic Times  Jan 14  Comment 
Maung Maung Thein said the former junta-run nation was on track to launch the bourse in the country's main commercial hub of Yangon.
Reuters  Jan 13  Comment 
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission sent letters to stock exchange officials on Tuesday alerting them to its plans to conduct a series of examinations in 2015...
Mondo Visione  Jan 13  Comment 
A delegation representing the Deutsche Börse today visited Qatar Stock Exchange and met with Mr. Rashid bin Ali Al-Mansoori, CEO of Qatar Stock Exchange and Qatari bourse officials.  The German delegation, which included Mr. Andreas Peruss,...
The Economic Times  Jan 12  Comment 
Regulators began publishing dark pool volumes and other statistics last June and have said they may require the venues to publicly disclose how they operate and price orders.
Mondo Visione  Jan 12  Comment 
The Securities and Exchange Commission today announced that two exchanges formerly owned by Direct Edge Holdings and since acquired by BATS Global Markets have agreed to pay a $14 million penalty to settle charges that their rules failed to...
Wall Street Journal  Jan 8  Comment 
Some small-business owners are snubbing health-insurance exchanges, citing limited federal tax credits and a small menu of insurance offerings in a few states.
Mondo Visione  Jan 7  Comment 
The Ljubljana Stock Exchange  has published the short and comprehensive annual statistics of the Ljubljana Stock Exchange for Year 2014.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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