Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
The Hindu Business Line  Jun 29  Comment 
Global regulators lay down norms for restoring networks after a cyber attack
Mondo Visione  Jun 28  Comment 
Decheng Technology AG (ISIN: DE000A1YDDM9) has been listed in the General Standard of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange since 28 June 2016. The IPO involved placement of a total of around 0.73 million shares. The total issue volume was approximately...
newratings.com  Jun 28  Comment 
VIENNA (dpa-AFX) - European Parliament was the venue for heated and emotional exchanges over the "Brexit" on Tuesday as European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker questioned the presence of the U.K. "Leave" campaigners, led by Nigel Farage,...
Mondo Visione  Jun 28  Comment 
Click here to download the May monthly bulletin of Cyprus Stock Exchange.  
Mondo Visione  Jun 26  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the week ending 23  June 2016 amounted to SAR 15.44 billion, decreasing by 17.28% over the previous week; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,513.35 billion at the end of this period,...
The Economic Times  Jun 23  Comment 
"Since this is a major event, we have asked all dealers to be present and avoid absenteeism," said Ashish Rathi SVP at HDFC Securities.
Mondo Visione  Jun 23  Comment 
MyBucks S.A. (ISIN: LU1404975507) has been listed in the Entry Standard at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange since 23 June 2016. A total of about 1.0 million shares were placed in the IPO. The total issue volume including greenshoe was approximately...
Mondo Visione  Jun 22  Comment 
The World Federation of Exchanges (“WFE”), which represents more than 200 market infrastructure providers including exchanges and CCPs, has announced an education partnership with University of Cambridge Judge Business School Executive...
The Economic Times  Jun 22  Comment 
Sebi and stock exchanges have beefed up their surveillance mechanism to deal with any excessive volatility in the run up to the 'Brexit' referendum whose outcome is keenly awaited by the investors.
Wall Street Journal  Jun 20  Comment 
As the prospect of ‘Brexit’ hangs in the balance, exchanges and traders across Europe are boosting their capacity to cope with an expected trading surge after the vote.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

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  3. [3]
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