Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Benzinga  Nov 11  Comment 
Reuters reported Monday that the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is "undertaking a comprehensive data-driven review of the rules underpinning the U.S. equity markets, including the pricing and rebate system used by exchanges," according to...
New York Times  Nov 11  Comment 
Many states will have more workers in call centers this year and more enrollment events to help people through the insurance sign-up process.
Mondo Visione  Nov 11  Comment 
Qatar Stock Exchange participated in the Berlin Economic Forum 2014-24 held in the German capital on 8-10 November. The 2014 Annual Conference was held at the same time as the Berlin celebrations of the 25th Anniversary for the fall of the Berlin...
Mondo Visione  Nov 11  Comment 
Nasdaq (Nasdaq:NDAQ) and the Iraq Stock Exchange (ISX) announced today the successful on-scheduled go-live of the X-stream Trading technology, which replaced the existing Horizon platform. Nasdaq has delivered trading technology to ISX since...
MarketWatch  Nov 10  Comment 
White House expects up to 9.9 million covered in 2015 through health exchanges
Wall Street Journal  Nov 10  Comment 
India said on Monday it plans to list state-run airport operator Airports Authority of India and a helicopter services company on the local stock exchanges.
Mondo Visione  Nov 8  Comment 
Click  here  to download Tehran Stock Exchange's monthly bulletin.
Mondo Visione  Nov 7  Comment 
Bucharest Stock Exchange (BVB) has released the first edition of The Market Operator Report. The report, to be issued periodically, will present the steps taken and the projects implemented by BVB and BVB Group in the area of market...




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

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  3. [3]
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