Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Forbes  Jul 17  Comment 
UnitedHealth Group said this morning it would expand private health plan products on government exchanges under the Affordable Care Act “to as many as two dozen” states for next year, chief executive officer Stephen J. Hemsley said this morning.
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 15  Comment 
The turnover of commodity exchanges fell sharply by 65 per cent to Rs 14.55 lakh crore in the first quarter of this fiscal due to poor volumes in most commodities, the Forward Markets Commission (...
The Economic Times  Jul 14  Comment 
Narendra SinghTomar said government has no specific scheme for short-term training of workers affected by closure of industries and factories.
Mondo Visione  Jul 14  Comment 
Click here to download Tehran Stock Exchange's bulletin for June 2014.
Reuters  Jul 13  Comment 
The regulatory noose is tightening around dark pools, private share-trading venues that promise anonymity for specialist investors, offering a chance for rival exchanges in the United States and Europe to take back market share.
Forbes  Jul 12  Comment 
Okcoin and Huobi, two leading Chinese cryptocurrcency exchanges, have unveiled their Bitcoin wealth management schemes recently. Right now both only take deposits from invited users, but at least in the case of Huobi, such restriction will be...
DailyFinance  Jul 11  Comment 
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM -- (Marketwired) -- 07/11/14 -- Justice CanadaMinister of Justice and Attorney General Peter MacKay today concluded two days of group discussions and bilateral meetings with his counterparts from Australia, New Zealand, the...
Mondo Visione  Jul 9  Comment 
Please click here to download the Ljubljana Stock Exchange semi-annual statistical report for the first half of 2014.
Financial Times  Jul 8  Comment 
Market rules that have laid the ground for high-frequency trading have eroded investor confidence, say witnesses to a Congressional hearing
Mondo Visione  Jul 7  Comment 
Click here to download Ljubljana Stock Exchange's monthly statistical report for June 2014.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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