Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
guardian.co.uk  Aug 4  Comment 
Xavier Rolet says £21bn deal with Deutsche Börse will not remove clearing of euro-denominated financial services from City One of the linchpins of the City – the way financial products denominated in euros are cleared – should not be under...
Mondo Visione  Aug 1  Comment 
Click here to download the short and comprehensive monthly statistics of the Ljubljana Stock Exchange for July 2016.
Mondo Visione  Jul 31  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the week ending 28 July 2016 amounted to SAR 16.62 billion, decreasing by 9.18% over the previous week; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,471.24 billion at the end of this period, decreasing...
Mondo Visione  Jul 29  Comment 
Click here to download Cyprus Stock Exchange's monthly bulletin for June 2016.
The Times of India  Jul 27  Comment 
Top stock exchanges NSE and BSE on Wednesday welcomed the government's decision to increase the foreign shareholding limit in bourses to 15 per cent, terming the move as being in sync with the spirit of globalization.
Forbes  Jul 27  Comment 
Anthem's is ?fully committed to challenging? the Justice Department?s effort to block its proposed acquisition of Cigna in court, saying it would hurt public exchange offerings to consumers under the Affordable Care Act.
Mondo Visione  Jul 26  Comment 
On July 15 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission  (SEC), the supervisory authority of the U.S. capital markets, has recognized the "Hellenic Exchanges?Athens Stock Exchange S.A. (ATHEX) as a "Designated Offshore Securities Market...
The Economic Times  Jul 26  Comment 
Stock brokers are also demanding a similar treatment on the float money of membership deposit and cash margins in the equity segment.
Mondo Visione  Jul 26  Comment 
The following note was sent by one of Tehran Stock Exchange’s foreign shareholders after the annual meetings held on 17 July 2016. Yesterday I had the luck to visit my first yearly shareholder meeting (AGM) of the Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE)...
Mondo Visione  Jul 24  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the week ending 21  July 2016 amounted to SAR 18.29 billion, decreasing by 13.48% over the previous week; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,522.20 billion at the end of this period,...




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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