Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Mondo Visione  Jan 4  Comment 
Below iare the links where you can find the comprehensive monthly and yearly statistics of the Ljubljana Stock Exchange for December and Year 2016. December 2016 Year 2016
Mondo Visione  Jan 2  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the month  ending 29 December 2016 amounted to SAR 114.96 billion, decreasing by 3.39% over the previous month; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,681.95 billion at the end of this period,...
Mondo Visione  Jan 1  Comment 
At the end of the year 2016 Tadawul All Share Index (TASI) closed at a level of 7,210.43  points compared to 6,911.76 points for the previous year, gained 298.67 points 4.32%. The highest close level for the index (TASI) during the year...
Mondo Visione  Dec 31  Comment 
Click here to download Tehran Stock Exchange's weekly market review for the week ending 28 December 2016.
Mondo Visione  Dec 29  Comment 
Qatar Stock Exchange hereby informs you as follows: It has been decided that Sunday 01 January 2017 will be an official holiday at Qatar Stock Exchange and work shall resume on Monday 02 January 2017. This is pursuant to the instructions...
The Economic Times  Dec 27  Comment 
Three national exchanges -- MCX, NCDEX and NMCE -- and regional bourses are estimated to have clocked about Rs 67-68 lakh crore in 2015.
Mondo Visione  Dec 25  Comment 
Single Stock Option Contracts were introduced for the first time at Tehran Stock Exchange on 18 December 2016. The call option contracts started trading on the above date, and it is expected to shortly develop put option market as...
New York Times  Dec 23  Comment 
Two professors say an S.E.C. rule allowing very short delays in information-sharing is having the negative effect on investors they predicted.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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