Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
The Hindu Business Line  3 hrs ago  Comment 
Non-promoters can use OFS to offload their stake; discount for retail investors
Forbes  Aug 7  Comment 
Among the many financial trading and IT conferences I have attended over the years - from TradeTech in Paris to Burgenstock in Montreux, Switzerland, and beyond - the question has always arisen as to how many stock and derivatives exchanges there...
Mondo Visione  Aug 6  Comment 
Please click here to download Vienna Stock Exchange's monthly statistics for July 2014.
Forbes  Aug 4  Comment 
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, also known as "ObamaCare," offers subsidies to qualified taxpayers who purchase insurance "through an Exchange established by the State." Confounding expectations, 36 states failed or...
The Hindu Business Line  Aug 1  Comment 
The commodity market regulator Forward Markets Commission has played pivotal role in clearing up the mess created by National Spot Exchange. Though FMC did not have sweeping regulatory powers like...
Mondo Visione  Jul 31  Comment 
Shares of the Chinese Feike AG (ISIN: DE000A1YCNB3) have been tradable in the General Standard of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange since 31 July. A total of 10,000,000 shares were listed; the initial listing price was €7,50. ACON Aktienbank AG...
The Economic Times  Jul 30  Comment 
FTIL holds 5 per cent in MCX after having recently divested 21% to Kotak group, Rakesh Jhunjhunwala and a few other investors.
Clusterstock  Jul 30  Comment 
Trading was suspended for an hour on the Moscow Stock Exchange Wednesday. It has since resumed and will remain open until 16:30 GMT. No reason has yet been given for the outage. Here's the full statement from earlier, in English, from the...
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 28  Comment 
Hiring by IT and manufacturing sector slows; post-graduates look to academia




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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