Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Mondo Visione  8 hrs ago  Comment 
Ooredoo announced anagreement with The Group Securities Co. to provide sponsored Liquidity Provision Services, in accordance with the QFMA-approved liquidity provision scheme. The service  started today Thursday 20 August , 2015. The...
Mondo Visione  Aug 19  Comment 
Click here to download  Tehran Stock Exchange's monthly b ulletin for July 2015.
The Hindu Business Line  Aug 18  Comment 
High-frequency trades too under lens; Sinha says regulator can change management
Mondo Visione  Aug 18  Comment 
All the market participants are hereby informed that in the light of decision of Board of Directors of the Lahore Stock Exchange, the management has decided to extend the hours of trading at LSE in manner that pre-open session of the market shall...
Mondo Visione  Aug 13  Comment 
The Lahore Stock Exchange Limited will remain closed on  Friday , August 14, 2015, this  being a National holiday on account of Independence Day of Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Mondo Visione  Aug 12  Comment 
There is a move afoot that will lead to improved liquidity on Africa’s exchanges. This move will see increased cross listings of Exchange Traded Funds (ETF’s) on the larger exchanges on the continent. There is a concerted effort from ETF...
Financial Times  Aug 12  Comment 
A play on China’s modernisation looked attractive six months ago — less so today
The Economic Times  Aug 12  Comment 
The post-closing session at the stock exchanges started with a 10 minutes delay at 3:50 pm instead of usual 3:40 pm on Wednesday.
Financial Times  Aug 6  Comment 
Bourses face a battle with established operators as scandals and shocks force reform of forex market
New York Times  Aug 4  Comment 
The main Shanghai share index closed 3.7 percent higher after the country’s two main stock exchanges said they would restrict short-selling.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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