Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Mondo Visione  Oct 14  Comment 
ACCA (the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants) and Lahore Stock Exchange jointly organized a seminar on ‘Capital Gains Tax’ bringing together the Directors and Board Committee Members of the Lahore Stock Exchange, investment...
Mondo Visione  Oct 14  Comment 
Bucharest Stock Exchange informs the market participants that the number of quotations allocated to the market-makers and to the liquidity providers trading on BVB’s market will be doubled, to facilitate their trading activity and the listing of...
The Economic Times  Oct 14  Comment 
Sebi will allow investors to tender their shares during delisting offers on stock exchanges, which will help reduce their tax outgo.
Forbes  Oct 13  Comment 
Mercer said its private exchange enrollment has jumped five times last year’s numbers to more than 1 million enrollees for 2015 as more companies give workers and retirees a credit to buy health coverage in an online marketplace.
Mondo Visione  Oct 13  Comment 
Nasdaq (Nasdaq:NDAQ) today announced a series of leadership appointments across the company's Listing Services and Market Technology businesses. The moves are designed to align leadership responsibility with areas of strategic growth potential,...
The Hindu Business Line  Oct 12  Comment 
At least ₹70,000 crore could be stuck; exit options may prove unpalatable
The Economic Times  Oct 10  Comment 
Jignesh Shah-led FTIL said its Board has approved voluntary delisting of the company's equity shares from Madras and Ahmedabad stock exchanges.
Wall Street Journal  Oct 9  Comment 
A little-known company called OpenMatch Holdings LLC and former Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. CEO Richard Fuld Jr. are involved in a deal to acquire the 130-year-old National Stock Exchange, according to people familiar with the plans.
Mondo Visione  Oct 9  Comment 
Bucharest Stock Exchange informs that on October 6, 2014, the two major infrastructure projects of the Romanian capital market, namely the segregation of the trading and post-trading systems, and the migration to T+2 settlement cycle, were...
Forbes  Oct 8  Comment 
Aon Hewitt (AON) said its private exchange enrollment will grow by 60 percent to 1.2 million enrollees in 2015 as more companies give workers a credit to buy health coverage in an online marketplace.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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