Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
The Economic Times  Sep 14  Comment 
Reliance Capital will hold 51% stake in RHF and company will be adequately capitalised to grow lending book to over Rs 20,000 crore in the next 18 months.
Reuters  Sep 12  Comment 
Bats Global Markets on Monday accused rival exchange operator Nasdaq Inc of attempting to boost revenues by proposing a new feed for industry data essential to U.S. stock market operations.
Mondo Visione  Sep 10  Comment 
Click here to download Tehran Stock Exchange's weekly market review.
Mondo Visione  Sep 9  Comment 
The Athens Stock Exchange (ATHEX) welcomed the Securities & Exchange Organization (SEO) and the Central Securities Depository of Iran (CSDI) in the Trading Day Opening Bell ceremony on Friday, 9th September, 2016. Dr. Bahador Bijani, Vice...
newratings.com  Sep 9  Comment 
DUESSELDORF (dpa-AFX) - The Frankfurt Stock Exchange admitted Uniper SE shares to trading. The international energy company will be listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange's Prime Standard on September 12, 2016. Prior to the admission...
Mondo Visione  Sep 8  Comment 
Warsaw Stock Exchange Monthly Statistics for August 2016 is now available: For Main Market Statistics click here For NewConnect Alternative Market Statistics click here For Catalyst Bond Market statistics click here  
MedPage Today  Sep 6  Comment 
(MedPage Today) -- ...but they should be careful what they wish for
Mondo Visione  Sep 6  Comment 
Qatar Stock Exchange would like to inform you that Eid Al-Ad''ha Holiday will be starting from Sunday, 11 September 2016 up to Thursday, 15 September 2016. The market will resume trading on Sunday , 18 September 2016. This is based...
Mondo Visione  Sep 6  Comment 
Singapore Exchange Ltd (SGX) is pleased to announce that it has joined the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Stock Exchanges (SSE) initiative as a Partner Exchange. The SSE initiative, opened by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon in 2009, serves as a...
Mondo Visione  Sep 5  Comment 
Mr. Rashid bin Ali Al-Mansoori, CEO of Qatar Stock Exchange (QSE), will participate in the Global Dialogue of the United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges (SSE) Initiative to be held tomorrow in Singapore.   Held once every two years,...




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

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  3. [3]
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