Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Mondo Visione  Jul 24  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the week ending 21  July 2016 amounted to SAR 18.29 billion, decreasing by 13.48% over the previous week; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,522.20 billion at the end of this period,...
The Economic Times  Jul 18  Comment 
This is good news for households and industry as distribution companies are increasingly replacing costly power with cheaper energy available at exchanges.
Mondo Visione  Jul 17  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the week ending 14  July 2016 amounted to SAR 21.15 billion, decreasing by 2.61% over the previous week; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,537.12 billion at the end of this period,...
Mondo Visione  Jul 12  Comment 
Bats Global Markets, Inc. (Bats: BATS) today announced the creation of the Bats Community Policing Program for its  U.S. equities and options exchanges, an initiative designed to further enhance the company’s capabilities in monitoring...
Mondo Visione  Jul 11  Comment 
With reference to The Capital Market Authority announcement dated 30/6/2016, regarding amended trading commission for listed share, The Saudi Stock Exchange would like to inform our valued stakeholders that all outstanding/unexecuted orders will...
Mondo Visione  Jul 11  Comment 
Click here to download Tehran Stock Exchange's Bulletin for June 2016.
Mondo Visione  Jul 10  Comment 
With reference to the announcement by Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) dated 04/07/1437 corresponding to 11/04/2016, and with reference to the follow up announcement dated 28/09/1437 corresponding to 03/07/2016 relating to the Investors Ownership...
Mondo Visione  Jul 10  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the month ending 30 June 2016 amounted to SAR 84.28 billion, decreasing by 28.55% over the previous month; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,504.35 billion at the end of this period,...
Mondo Visione  Jul 8  Comment 
Warsaw Stock Exchange Monthly Statistics for June 2016 is now available: For Main Market Statistics click here For NewConnect Alternative Market Statistics click here For Catalyst Bond Market statistics click here




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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