Stock Exchange

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Mondo Visione  May 23  Comment 
The Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) announces that trading hours during the holy month of Ramadan will remain unchanged and as follow:  1.Main Market (including ETF, REITS), and Nomu-Parallel Market trading hours: •    Pre-open...
Mondo Visione  May 22  Comment 
The Saudi Stock Exchange (TADAWUL) announces the has assign of dedicated page on its website  for the updates related to the restriction periods for board of directors and senior executives trading, and the  deadlines for financial statements...
Mondo Visione  May 16  Comment 
Mr. Rashid bin Ali Al-Mansoori, CEO of Qatar Stock Exchange, stressed the importance of disclosure and transparency in the financial market and considered them a vital necessity on which investors build their investment decisions.  Al-Mansoori...
The Economic Times  May 16  Comment 
CERC grants full compensation to Adani Power for rise in cost of power generation.
The Economic Times  May 15  Comment 
Sebi and top stock exchanges have beefed up their cyber security systems to ward off any threat from the dreaded ransomware WannaCry, which has hit computers and networks in over 100 countries.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

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  3. [3]
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