Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
The Hindu Business Line  Jun 21  Comment 
BSE chief Ashish Kumar Chauhan outlines his plans for the exchange and shares his views on recent regulatory changes
Mondo Visione  Jun 18  Comment 
The Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) would like to congratulate all of our market participants and audiences for the holy month of Ramadan. On this occasion, the Exchange would like to draw everyone’s attention that the trading hours during the...
Mondo Visione  Jun 17  Comment 
The Saudi Stock Exchange has opened to qualified foreign investors (QFI) yesterday for the first time. The exchange, which has a market capitalisation of US$590 billion, is the biggest in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia represents approximately...
New York Times  Jun 17  Comment 
The shift is a result of a health crisis related to a rise in heroin use in many of their home states.
Mondo Visione  Jun 16  Comment 
On the occasion of the Holy Month of Ramadan, Qatar Stock Exchange is pleased to announce the official business hours during the month of Ramadan.   Trading hours will remain unchanged from 09:30 to 13:15 with a pre-opening session...
Mondo Visione  Jun 15  Comment 
Bucharest Stock Exchange (BVB) is introducing a new feature through which investors can see the most active brokers in the market by number of trades executed in a day with shares on the main market and on the AeRO market. Once every 15 minutes...
Mondo Visione  Jun 15  Comment 
Paweł Tamborski, President of the Management Board of the Warsaw Stock Exchange, has been elected to Ukraine’s State-owned Enterprises Reform Council which is responsible for issuing opinions and providing advisory to the Ministry of Economic...
Financial Times  Jun 14  Comment 
Asset managers have shown uneven level of interest across the Asian region
The Economic Times  Jun 12  Comment 
Realty giant DLF today asked the two top stock exchanges BSE and NSE not to seek clarifications on each and every news item about the company.
Forbes  Jun 11  Comment 
Despite a looming Supreme Court ruling that could pull subsidies from millions of newly insured Americans, health insurers aren’t altering their historic growth forecasts less than two weeks before an expected ruling.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

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  3. [3]
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