Stock Exchange

RECENT NEWS
Mondo Visione  Jul 18  Comment 
The World Federation of Exchanges (“WFE”), which represents more than 200 market infrastructure providers including exchanges and CCPs, today jointly published a report with the Milken Institute on Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...
Mondo Visione  Jul 11  Comment 
Mr. Rashid bin Ali Al-Mansoori, CEO of Qatar Stock Exchange, stated that the exchange has proved its ability to counter the repercussions of the current blockade and highlighted the investment attractiveness of QSE based on strong macro and micro...
The Economic Times  Jul 11  Comment 
The regulator is working on stronger checks against any possible cyber threat following the recent spate of ransomware attacks that hit computer systems globally.
Mondo Visione  Jul 10  Comment 
With today’s trading session, the Vienna Stock Exchange starts operating the trading system for the Zagreb Stock Exchange and additionally supplies a service and system package. The package includes real-time trading surveillance and data...
Mondo Visione  Jul 10  Comment 
Warsaw Stock Exchange Monthly Statistics for June 2017 is now available: For Main Market Statistics click here For NewConnect Alternative Market Statistics click click here For Catalyst Bond Market statistics click here For...
Mondo Visione  Jul 10  Comment 
With the Hamburg-based fintech, The NAGA Group AG, the first company from the Deutsche Börse Venture Network has been listed in the SME segment Scale on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The issue volume of the IPO was €2.51 million. The first...
Mondo Visione  Jul 5  Comment 
Click here to download Tehran Stock Exchange's weekly market review.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

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  3. [3]
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