Stock exchange

RECENT NEWS
The Economic Times  Dec 19  Comment 
The regulator has accused them of misusing the stock exchanges to generate long-term capital gains of around Rs 485 crore.
Mondo Visione  Dec 15  Comment 
Bucharest Stock Exchange (BVB) has launched today, December 15, 2014, the new www.bvb.ro website. It brings rich trading and statistics content, new user friendly interface for the stock exchange products and services, and numerous website...
Mondo Visione  Dec 14  Comment 
Click here to download Tehran Stock Exchange's Bulletin for November 2014.
Mondo Visione  Dec 11  Comment 
Bucharest Stock Exchange (BVB) will launch on Monday, December 15, 2014, the fresh and new www.bvb.ro website, with a contemporary design, more user friendly and responsive. The new website will keep pace with our rapidly growing activity and...
The Economic Times  Dec 10  Comment 
As per the earlier Sebi guidelines, the MF distributors can not handle payout and pay in of funds as well as units on behalf of investor.
Reuters  Dec 10  Comment 
The top U.S. derivatives regulator said on Wednesday that his agency plans to step up scrutiny of how exchanges and clearinghouses protect themselves from cyber attacks.
The Economic Times  Dec 10  Comment 
These exchanges had generated a business of Rs 76.77 lakh crore in the same period last year, commodity markets regulator FMC said in its latest report.
Mondo Visione  Dec 9  Comment 
As part of its regular BCP procedures, Qatar Stock Exchange, brokers and business partners successfully conducted an industry-wide BCP exercise at QSE premises. The proposed scenario involved a major disaster striking QSE premises and primary data...




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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