Stock exchange

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Mondo Visione  Nov 25  Comment 
EDGA Exchange and EDGX Exchange are pleased to announce a post-migration pricing accommodation for the month of January. Trading volumes from the first week of trading on the new platforms, which includes trading days of January 12 through 16,...
Mondo Visione  Nov 24  Comment 
The Vienna Stock Exchange and the Zagreb Stock Exchange signed a cooperation agreement for data vending. With this step, the Vienna Stock Exchange has enlarged its data vending network by another emerging market from Central and Eastern Europe. In...
Mondo Visione  Nov 24  Comment 
In a unanimous and harmonious selection, The Egyptian Exchange (EGX) chairs The Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges (FEAS). The celebration was carved, in Croatian capital, Zagreb, where The Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges (FEAS)...
New York Times  Nov 21  Comment 
The Obama administration acknowledged on Thursday that it overcounted the total number of people signed up for health insurance through the Affordable Care Act exchanges.
Mondo Visione  Nov 20  Comment 
The Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges (FEAS) held its annual assembly in Zagreb on Wednesday and Thursday, hosted by the Zagreb Stock Exchange (ZSE). The head of the Egyptian Exchange, Mohamed Omran, was elected new FEAS president,...
Mondo Visione  Nov 20  Comment 
The Saudi Stock Exchange was voted the “Best Managed Financial Exchange in the Middle East 2014” for the 3rd consecutive year, according to Euromoney Group. The award follows Euromoney’s annual best managed companies’ survey which...
The Economic Times  Nov 19  Comment 
Finding "serious irregularities" in the functioning of Delhi Stock Exchange, Sebi withdrew the recognition granted to the bourse.
Clusterstock  Nov 19  Comment 
By Sarah N. Lynch WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. regulators are poised to adopt new rules that would require stock exchanges and some larger trading platforms to take steps to protect against market disruptions such as technology glitches or natural...




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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