Stock exchange

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Insurance Journal  May 18  Comment 
Aetna plans to offer individual plans in part of Maine on the Affordable Care Act’s health exchanges, bringing more competition to the market. A filing with the state indicates Aetna will join Community Health Options, Harvard Pilgrim and Anthem...
The Economic Times  May 18  Comment 
The self-funded company will open 5,000 sq. ft. outlets in Pune, New Delhi and Bengaluru. Setting up each outlet will cost about Rs 2.5 crore, an amount that will almost double abroad.
The Times of India  May 18  Comment 
Frankfurt, May 18, 2016 (AFP) -Deutsche Boerse and LSE, the operators of the Frankfurt and London stock exchanges, said Wednesday they intend to seal their planned merger to create a new global player in July.
The Economic Times  May 17  Comment 
If MSEI decides to give investors more time to trade, NSE and BSE will be forced to follow suit. MSEI’s plan to stretch trading hours is part of its strategy to revive the exchange.
Mondo Visione  May 15  Comment 
The Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) announces that trading hours during the holy month of Ramadan will remain unchanged and as follow:  Equity and ETF Market trading hours: Pre-open session from 9:30 am till 10:00 am.  Open...
Mondo Visione  May 10  Comment 
Warsaw Stock Exchange Monthly Statistics for April 2016 are now available: For Main Market Statistics click here For NewConnect Alternative Market Statistics click here For Catalyst Bond Market statistics click here  
Mondo Visione  May 8  Comment 
The total value of shares traded for the week ending 5 May 2016 amounted to SAR 30.15 billion, decreasing by 24.01% over the previous week; while total stock market capitalization reached SAR 1,532.44* billion at the end of this period, decreasing...
Mondo Visione  May 4  Comment 
Qatar Stock Exchange (QSE), in coordination with Goldman Sachs, today commenced in London a roadshow that aims to promote investment in the Qatari companies listed on QSE and support their investor relations practices.  The forum is designed...
Mondo Visione  May 4  Comment 
Click here to download comprehensive monthly statistics of the Ljubljana Stock Exchange for April 2016.




 

Stock exchange

A stock exchange is an institution, organization or association that serves as a market for trading financial instruments such as stocks, bonds and their related derivatives. Most modern stock exchanges, like NYSE Euronext, have both a trading floor and an electronic trading system.

Increasingly, exchange owners and operators are getting themselves listed on their own exchanges and have become private companies just like any other company. This is the case with companies like NYSE Euronext, Deutsche Boerse AG and the NASDAQ OMX Group. These companies have evolved into international groups operating on different continents and gathering multiple activities like traditional stock markets, derivatives markets and commodities markets.

Stock exchanges have a vital function in modern economies as places where investors and companies can meet and exchange capitals. They offer standardized instruments which are traded with transparency contrary to what happens in OTC transactions. They display prices and volumes for every products they trade.

In the 80's and 90's with the development of computer technologies, stock exchanges have been dematerialized and most of the transactions now happen electronically though some exchanges have kept floor trading activities like the NYSE. Euronext has adopted a fully electronic system.

Traditional stock exchanges have met increasing competition from fully electronic platforms. Electronic trading has reduced the cost of entry into the market and several new exchanges have recently developed.

History

The first stock exchanges date back to the Middle Age in Europe with debt trading between merchants. However the first stock trading can be found in the 17th century with the creation of various companies to explore European colonies such as the Dutch East India Company. Historically stocks and bonds were traded in a physical place or building with traders gathering on the floor and exchanging financial titles by hand.

14c Stocks were instruments of punishment. [1] The original Stock Market was a fish and meat market in the City of London on or near the later site of Mansion House, so called perhaps because it occupied the site of a former stocks. 1809 Place where securities are bought and sold. Stock + market. [2]

12c Markets were a place to meet at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions, to trade, deal in, buy, wares, merchandise, public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s, market research is from 1926. [3]

See also List of Stock Exchanges

Stock Exchanges on Wikinvest

References

  1. [1]
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  3. [3]
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