U.S. Environmental Legislation

Insurance Journal  Mar 20  Comment 
Environmental legislation that gives leeway to a North Carolina state panel in creating air pollution rules for fracking has been signed into law by Gov. Pat McCrory. The governor signed the measure soon after the Senate gave final General...
Financial Times  Jan 26  Comment 
Focus on growth has contributed to environmental degradation and urban sprawl
The Times of India  Jan 20  Comment 
Expressing concern over environmental degradation, TNCC president EVKS Elangovan urged the state to revoke the licence granted to Coca Cola to operate a unit at Perundurai SIPCOT complex.
New York Times  Aug 16  Comment 
Clare Rewcastle Brown, through the Internet and shortwave radio, has given voice to growing concerns among Malaysians about environmental degradation.     
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 17  Comment 
Environmental degradation is a cause for worry financially too. The World Bank has found that India, which enjoys higher economic growth than many other countries, loses at least Rs 3.75 lakh cror...
The Hindu Business Line  May 10  Comment 
What is your dream machine? An impending energy crisis along with an increasing environmental degradation is one of the most pressing issues facing the world today. A commercially...
The Hindu Business Line  Apr 5  Comment 
Warning that environmental degradation could have serious consequences, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh today emphasised that economic growth should be based on optimal use of natural resources and...
New York Times  Mar 29  Comment 
A report from the Ministry of Environmental Protection put the figure at $230 billion in 2010, based on costs rising from pollution and damage to the ecosystem.
Financial Times  Mar 25  Comment 
The South Korean government is working on a programme to help North Korea address years of deforestation and environmental degradation
New York Times  Mar 2  Comment 
A conflict over a recent chemical spill at a factory has drawn attention to growing problems with environmental degradation and officials’ reluctance to take on polluters.


Environmental legislation in the U.S. is a large topic, encompassing regulation of many aspects of the air, water, and land use.

  • Mining/Timber
  • Waterlands
  • chemicals

Reducing carbon emissions

With the increase in attention to global warming, carbon emissions have become a major target of government regulation both in the US and abroad.


  • US Politics
    • democrats historically favor regulation
  • Supreme court decisions
  • Science

Drilling Legislation

Increasing vehicle fuel efficiency

Driven by:

  • rising gas prices
  • politics
    • public opinion about global warming
    • democrats
  • global politics (instablity in middle east)
  • alternate fuel -- costs and availability
  • fall of US automakers


  • Japanese automakers -- Honda, Toyota, Nissan
  • alternate technology (electric cars)


  • US automakers - GM, Ford, Chrysler
    • analysts differ. increasing fuel economy may decrease profits, but analysts differ on whether this is significantly or not
    • "each 5% increase in fuel economy standards costing between $200 and $400 per vehicle, according to Deutsche Bank analyst Rod Lache"
    • smaller vehicles less profitable
    • "Of the 11.4 million vehicles Detroit sold last year, 59% were trucks." (minivans, pickups, suvs)
  • alternate fuel? either/or?

Alternate fuels

US Environmental Legislation has often encouraged alternative fuels that have a smaller impact on the environment and are perceived as "green." These often Renewable Energy Sources include Corn, switch grass, wood fibers and many others.

Wetlands and Land Use Regulation

Through the Clean Water Act and subsequent Supreme Court decisions, the United States Government is able to claim jurisdiction over the regulation of "Waters of the US" - a term that has come to encompass wetland areas defined by certain hydrological and vegetative characteristics. The Army Corp. of Engineers serves as the federal government's primary regulator of these waters, and must review any development plans that propose to disturb a wetland area. Although this regulation theoretically hinders certain types of commercial activity in coastal areas, it does serve as a barrier to entry and a source of land value preservation. Home builders attempting to do business in coastal areas face a lengthy regulatory approval process prior to receiving permission to commence construction. Those who are able to do so should benefit from the scarcity that wetland regulation encourages.

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